Research projects

Alloying Metallurgy


Year Publication
Year Publication
2020congress or congress paper
Synthesis of Al-Sc Master Alloys through Induction Supported Metallothermy-Process Kinetics and Technical Feasibility
Proceedings of the 59th Conference of Metallurgists, COM 2020: The Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum. ISBN: 978-1-926872-47-6
Frederic Brinkmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2019congress or congress paper
The Newest Gereration of the ESR (Electro Slag Remelting) Unit with Rotating Electrode Function Desigend by SMS Mevac GmbH
EFRS - 7. Internationales Eisen- und Stahlsymposium, 26. - 27. September 2019, Tepekule, Izmir, Türkei
Martin Schwenk, Bernd Friedrich, Cihangir Demirci; Jochen Schlüter; Benjamin Mellinghoff; Christoph Wissen;
2019congress or congress paper
Results of the tool steel H13, which has been remelted with new generation ESR-REF (Electro Slag Remelting with Rotating Electrode Function) unit, designed by SMS group GmbH/GER
AISTech 2019 The Iron & Steel Technology Conference and Exposition
Martin Schwenk, Bernd Friedrich, Jochen Schlüter; Cihangir Demirci;
2021article in scientific journal
Electrodeposition of Aluminium-Vanadium Alloys from Chloroaluminate Based Molten Salt Containing Vanadium Ions
Metals 2021,11, 123 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010123
Ksenija Milicevic Neumann, Dominic Feldhaus, Bernd Friedrich, Vesna S. Cvetković; Nataša M. Vukićević; Tanja S. Barudžija; Jovan N. Jovićević
2020article in scientific journal
Dross Formation in Aluminum Melts During the Charging of Beverage Can Scrap Bales with Different Densities Using Various Thermal Pretreatments
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, 2020 DOI: 10.1007/s11837-020-04268-4
Bernd Friedrich, Jan Steglich; Marcel Rosefort
2020article in scientific journal
Electrochemical Deposition of Al-Ti Alloys from Equimolar AlCl3 + NaCl Containing Electrochemically Dissolved Titanium
Metals - Open Access Metallurgy Journal 10(1):88 DOI: 10.3390/met10010088
Srecko Stopic, Ksenija Milicevic Neumann, Bernd Friedrich, Vesna S. Cvetkovic; Natasa M. Vukicevic; Jovan N. Jovicevic
2020article in scientific journal
Electrodeposition of titanium–vanadium alloys from chloride-based molten salts: influence of electrolyte chemistry and deposition potential on composition, morphology and microstructure
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 50(1–2) DOI: 10.1007/s10800-019-01385-0
Ksenija Milicevic Neumann, Bernd Friedrich, Joachim Gussone; Yerragudi Vijay Chakradhar Reddy; Philipp Watermeyer; Jan Haubrich
2013poster
Challenges in Titanium Recycling – Do We Need a Specification for Secondary Alloys?
EMC 2011, European Metallurgical Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 26-29, 2011
Björn Rotmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2019article in scientific journal
Ni–Cr–Al Alloy for neutron scattering at high pressures
Materials Science and Technology (2019), DOI: 10.1080/02670836.2019.1578077
Janik Brenk, Bernd Friedrich, Yao Cheng; Jörg Perßon; Nour Maraytta; James S.K.-L. Gibson; Sandra Korte-Kerzel; Georg Roth; Yixi Su; Fengfeng Zhu; Carsten Paulmann; Andrzej Grzechnik
2018poster
New Metallothermic Reduction Methods for Sc and Al-Sc master alloys
Critical raw materials data management; European scandium inventory workshops, 26./27.11.2018, Berlin
Frederic Brinkmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2018article in scientific journal
Purification of Aluminium Cast Alloy Melts through Precipitation of Fe-Containing Intermetallic Compounds
Metals 8 (2018), Online-Artikel DOI: 10.3390/met8100796
Alexander Arnold, Marina Gnatko, Cong Li, Bernd Friedrich,
2018article in scientific journal
Metallothermic Scandium Synthesis – a Thermochemical Study Part I: Phase equilibria of ScF3 reduction with Ca and Ca-Zn alloy investigated by triangulation and tetrahedration methods
World of Metallurgy – ERZMETALL 71 (2018), Issue 5
Alexander Arnold, Frederic Brinkmann, Ksenija Milicevic Neumann, Bernd Friedrich,
2017article in scientific journal
Porous TiAl Alloys Fabricated by Sintering of TiH2 and Al Powder Mixtures
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 656 (2016), pp.530-538 DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.09.259
Qin Peng, Bernd Friedrich, Bin Yang; Libin Liu; Changjiang Song
2017Book Chapter
Mechanically Activated Rutile and Ilmenite as the Starting Materials for Process of Titanium Alloys Production
in: Titanium Dioxide, Edited by Magdalena Janus, InTech ISBN 978-953-51-3414-5, Print ISBN 978-953-51-3413-8
Christoph Vonderstein, Bernd Friedrich, Marcela Achimovicova
2017article in scientific journal
Effect of process parameter variation on purity during rotary fractional crystallization of Aluminum
Open Journal of Metal, Vol. 7 (2017), pp. 25-38
Semiramis Friedrich geb. Akbari, Danilo Curtolo, Bernd Friedrich,
2016congress or congress paper
Role and Effects of Slag Components in ESR Processes
7th VIM /ESR/VAR Workshop & Conference 2016, ALD, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany, 2016
Martin Schwenk, Bernd Friedrich,
2005congress or congress paper
Predicting thermodynamic stability of crucible oxides in molten titanium alloys
CALPHAD XXXIV, An International Conference on Phase Diagram Calculation and Computational Thermochemistry, May 22-27, 2005, Maastricht, The Netherlands, p.114.
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Claus Lochbichler, Bernd Friedrich, Ana Kostov; Dragana Zivkovic
2005congress or congress paper
Thermodynamic stability of crucible oxides in molten titanium and titanium alloys
Brücken für die Forschung, Einfuehrungstagung, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Bonn, 19.-21. April 2005, Germany, p.65.
Bernd Friedrich, Ana Kostov
2001Book Chapter
Metallhydridlegierungen für moderne Batterieanwendungen.
In: Metalle in der Elektrochemie - Gewinnung, Abscheidung, Korrosion; W. Plieth und J. Russow (Hrsg.); GDCh, Frankfurt am Main, 2000
Bernd Friedrich,
2000article in scientific journal
Wasserstoffgehalte in aluminium- und zinkhaltigen Kupferlegierungen.
In: D. Hirschfeld (Hrsg.), Nichtmetalle in Metallen 2000. Clausthal-Zellerfeld: GDMB-Informationsgesellschaft mbH.
Bernd Friedrich, K. Krone
2000Book Chapter
Hydrogen in aluminium containing copper alloy melts - solubility,measurement removal
In: K. Ehrke, W. Schneider (Hrsg.), Continuous Casting (S. 15 - 19). Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.
Karsten Neumann, Bernd Friedrich, Krone, K.; Jestrabek, J.; Nosch, E.:
2015article in scientific journal
Aluminothermic Production of Titanium Alloys (Part 2): Impact of Activated Rutile on Process Sustainability
Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Vol 21 (2015), No. 2, pp. 101-11
Siran Hassan-Pour, Christoph Vonderstein, Bernd Friedrich, Marcels Achimovicova; Eberhard Gock; Volker Vogt
2015congress or congress paper
Process and Refining Characteristics of ESR using MgO containing Slag Systems
Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing & Casting, Leoben, 20.-24.09.2015
Sebastian Radwitz, Bernd Friedrich, Harald Scholz; Henrik Franz
2015congress or congress paper
Examination of an alternative method for the pyrometallurgical production of copper-chromium alloys
Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing & Casting, Leoben, 20.-24.09.2015
Peter Spiess, Siran Hassan-Pour, Janik Brenk, Bernd Friedrich,
2015congress or congress paper
Influencing the Electroslag Remelting Process by varying Fluorine Content of the utilized Slag
Proceedings of the 8th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC) 2015, June 14-17, Düsseldorf, Germany
Sebastian Radwitz, Bernd Friedrich, Bernd Scholz; Henrik Franz
2009congress or congress paper
Study of Copper Bearing Alloys Corrosion Characteristics
TMT 2009 – 13th International Research/Expert Conference “Trends in the Development of Machinery and Associated Technology\" S. 157 – 159, 16 - 21 October 2009, Hammamet, Tunisia
Bernd Friedrich, Stevanovic, Jasmina; Markovic, Radmila; Stajic-Trosic, Jasna; Jordovic, Branka
2013poster
Synthesis of Ti-Al-V alloys by Aluminothermic Reduction to Produce Pressed Electrodes for ESR
Titanium Europe 2013, 5.-7.3.2013, Hamburg, Germany
Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Anatoliy Ryabtsev; Alexander Troyansky
2015congress or congress paper
Deoxidation Limits of Titanium Alloys during Pressure Electro Slag Remelting
Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing & Casting 2015, Leoben, 20.-24.09.2015
Marek Bartosinski, Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Sergey Ratiev; Anatoliy Ryabtsev
2015congress or congress paper
Optimization of processing Cu-Cr alloys via aluminothermic reduction
Proceedings of the 8th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC) 2015, June 14-17, Düsseldorf, Germany
Siran Hassan-Pour, Janik Brenk, Bernd Friedrich,
2014congress or congress paper
EAF Carbothermic Co-Reduction of Alumina and Silica for the Direct Production of Al-Si Master Alloy
Light Metals 2014, TMS, San Diego, pp. 789-794
Christoph Kemper, Bernd Friedrich, Efhtymios Balomenos; Dimitrios Panias; Ioannis Paspaliaris
2014article in scientific journal
Aluminothermic Production of Titanium alloys (part 1): Synthesis of TiO2 as input material
Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Vol. 20 (2014), No. 2, pp. 141-154
Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Marcela Achimovičová; Eberhard Gock; Volker Vogt; Peter Baláž
2013congress or congress paper
Parameters Determining Solidification Structure and Process Efficiency of ESR Superalloys
Proceedings of the 7th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC) 2013, June 23-26, Weimar, Germany, Vol. 3, pp. 1043-1048
Johannes Morscheiser, Sebastian Radwitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2013congress or congress paper
Synthesis of Copper Chromium Alloys by Aluminothermal Reduction
Proceedings of the 7th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC) 2013, June 23-26, Weimar, Germany, Vol. 1, pp. 21-26
Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Anatoliy Ryabtsev; Alexander Troyansky
2012congress or congress paper
Improving the chemical homogeneity of austenitic and martensitic stainless steels during nitrogen alloying in the pressure electro slag remelting (PESR) process
ICRF - 1st International Conference on Ingot Casting, Rolling and Forging, Proceedings, June 2012
Marek Bartosinski, Bernd Friedrich, J. H. Magee
2012congress or congress paper
The Influence of Selected Slag Properties and Process Variables on the Solidification Structure during ESR
ICRF - 1st International Conference on Ingot Casting, Rolling and Forging, Proceedings, June 2012, Ingot Casting – Remelting 2
Johannes Morscheiser, Sebastian Radwitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2012congress or congress paper
Evaluation of Deoxidization Techniques during Vacuum Induction Melting of Titanium Alloys
ICRF - 1st International Conference on Ingot Casting, Rolling and Forging, Proceedings, June 2012, Ingot Casting – Remelting 1
Hanno Vogel, Björn Rotmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2011congress or congress paper
Metal-Slag Interaction during PESR of Titanium Alloys
Slags and Fluxes in Modern Metallurgy: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Metal-Slag Interaction. September 14th to 19th 2010 in Yalta, Crimea - Ukraine
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2009article in scientific journal
Numerical simulation of the twin-roll casting process of magnesium alloy strip
In: Journal of materials processing technology, 209 ( 2 0 0 9 ), 2321–2328
Jiang Zeng, Bernd Friedrich, R. Koitzsch; H. Pfeifer
2003congress or congress paper
Influencing the resource requirement in Copper primary production by technique variation
Copper, Santiago de Chile, 2003
Tobias Müller, Bernd Friedrich, P. Zapp
2011congress or congress paper
Challenges in Titanium Recycling - Do We Need a New Specification for Secondary Alloys?
EMC 2011, European Metallurgical Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 26-29, 2011
Claus Lochbichler, Björn Rotmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2008article in scientific journal
Semi-solid Casting of High-reactive Wrought Alloys by Means of the Alloy AlLi2.1Mg5.5ScZr (AA1420*)
In: Materials Science and Engineering: Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 141-143, S. 145 - 150
Roger Sauermann, Alexander Arnold, Bernd Friedrich, Matthias Bünck; Fabian Küthe; Andreas Bührig-Polaczek
2006article in scientific journal
Recycling Li-haltiger Aluminiumlegierungen
In: World of Metallurgy - ERZMETALL, Volume 59, No. 5, S. 294 - 301
Alexander Arnold, Bernd Friedrich, Roger Sauermann
2007article in scientific journal
Semi-Solid Processing of Automotive Components with Tailored Aluminium-Lithium Alloys
Advanced Engineering Materials 2007, Volume 9, No. 4, S. 253 – 258
Roger Sauermann, Bernd Friedrich, Bünck. M.; Bührig-Polaczek, A.; Uggowitzer, P. J.
2010congress or congress paper
Electrodedeposition of Zn-Sn Alloy from Moisture Stable Ionic Liquids on Steel Substrates
EUCHEM 2010 - Conference on Molten Salts & Ionic Liquids; 14.03.- 19.03.2010, Bamberg; DECHEMA – Gesellschaft für Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e. V.; S. 87
Guizhi Zeng, Bernd Friedrich, Möbius, Andreas; Werner, Christoph
2010congress or congress paper
Potentiale alternativer Herstellungskonzepte für Titanmetall und Titanlegierungen
44. Metallurgische Seminar des Fachausschusses für Metallurgische Aus- und Weiterbildung der GDMB; 03.02. – 05.02.2010, Hanau, S. 131 – 162, ISBN 978-3-940276-23-0
Claudia Oosterhof geb. Kommer, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Rafael Bolivar, Bernd Friedrich, Claudia Möller
2009congress or congress paper
Tracing Ca and F during Remelting of Titanium-Aluminides in ESR and VAR
Titanium 2009, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 13.09. - 16.09.2009
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2009congress or congress paper
Thermophysical Properties of ESR-Electrofluxes (Part 1: Density)
LMPC 2009 - International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting 20. – 23. September 2009, ISBN 978-0 87339-743-8, S. 243 – 251; Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Semiramis Friedrich geb. Akbari, Bernd Friedrich,
2009congress or congress paper
Influencing the Wettability of HSS-Steels by Addition of Alloying Elements to the Zinc Bath
EMC 2009 – European Metallurgical Conference, Innsbruck, Austria; June 28 - July 1; Volume 3, S. 1183 – 1200; ISBN 978-3-940276-19-3
Guizhi Zeng, Bernd Friedrich,
2009Book Chapter
Thixoforming – Semi-solid Metal Processing - Design of Al and Al-Li Alloys for Thixofroming
Wiley VCH Verlag, Weinheim; Monographie, 1. Auflage Februar 2009; ISBN-10: 3-527-32204-3; ISBN-13: 978-3-527-32204-6
Tony Noll, Roger Sauermann, Alexander Arnold, Bernd Friedrich, Hirt, G.; Kopp, R
2009article in scientific journal
Synthesis of nano-crystalline spherical cobalt-iron (Co-Fe) alloy particles by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and hydrogen reduction
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 481, Issues 1-2, 29 July 2009, Pages 600-604, 2009
Srecko Stopic, Aybars Güven, Bernd Friedrich, Gurmen, Sebahattin; Ebin, Burcat
2009article in scientific journal
Nanocrystalline spherical iron–nickel (Fe–Ni) alloy particles prepared by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and hydrogen reduction (USP-HR)
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 480, Issue 2, 8 July 2009, Pages 529-533
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Gurmen, Sebahattin; Ebin, Burcak
2006article in scientific journal
Development of Aluminium-Lithium alloys processed by the Rheo Container Process
Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 116 - 117, S. 513 - 517, 2006
Roger Sauermann, Bernd Friedrich, Grimmig, T.; Buenck, M.; Bührig-Polaczek
2008congress or congress paper
Semi-solid casting of high-reactive wrought alloys by means of the alloy AlLi2.1Mg5.5ScZr (AA1420*)
10th International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, 16.-18. September 2008, Aachen, Germany
Roger Sauermann, Alexander Arnold, Bernd Friedrich, Matthias Bünck; Fabian Küthe; Andreas Bührig-Polaczek
2008congress or congress paper
Recovery of Magnesium and Salt from Black Dross through Vacuum Destillation
14th International Metallurgy & Materials Congress IMMC, 16. – 18. Oktober, Istanbul, S. 51
Semiramis Friedrich geb. Akbari, Bernd Friedrich, Akbari, S.
2007article in scientific journal
ESR Refining Potential for Titanium Alloys using a CaF2-based slag
Advanced Engineering Materials 2007, Volume 9, No. 4, S. 246 – 252.
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Bernd Friedrich,
2007congress or congress paper
Theoretical Aspects of Structural Design of Various Metal Powders Obtained by Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis
3rd International Conference â Deformation Processing and Structure of Materials, September 20 â 22, Belgrade, Serbia
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Jokanovic, V. ; Cvijovic, Z.
2007congress or congress paper
Fundamental of deoxidation behaviour of Ti-alloys by chamber ESR with Ca-reactive slags
European Metallurgical Conference â EMC 2007, June 11 - 14, Düsseldorf, Germany
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2003poster
Aluminium-Lithium alloy development for thixoforming.
In: Proceedings of European Metallurgical Conference, 16. - 19. September 2003, Hannover, Vol. 3, S. 1348 - 1349.
Roger Sauermann, Bernd Friedrich,
2005poster
Maßgeschneiderte Cu-Legierungen - IME Vakuumtechnik.
DKI Kupfer-Symposium, 22. November 2005, Stolberg.
Bernd Friedrich,
2006article in scientific journal
Predicting thermodynamic stability of crucible oxides in molten titanium and titanium alloys
Computational Materials Science, Vol. 38, Issue 2, 2006, S. 374 - 385.
Bernd Friedrich, A. Kostov
2005article in scientific journal
Selection of Crucible Oxides in Molten Titanium and Titanium Aluminum Alloys by Thermo-Chemistry Calculations.
Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, Heft 41 B, 2005, S. 113 - 125.
Bernd Friedrich, A. Kostov
2004article in scientific journal
Aluminium-Lithium alloy development for thixoforming.
Zeitschrift für Metallkunde, Jg. 95, Heft 12, 2004, S. 1097 - 1104.
Roger Sauermann, Bernd Friedrich, Püttgen, W.; Bleck, W.; Balitchev, E.; Hallstedt, B.; Schneider, J.M.; Bramann, H.; Bührig-Polaczek, A.; Uggowitzer, P.J.
2003article in scientific journal
Modelling the Copper Primary Production - A scenario approach to technique variation impacts.
in: Proceedings of EMC 2003, European Metallurgical Conference, 16. - 19. September 2003, Hannover, Germany, Vol. 1, S. 1 - 14
Tobias Müller, Bernd Friedrich, P. Zapp
2001article in scientific journal
Elektroschlackeschmelzen von aluminothermisch hergestellten Titan-Aluminiumlegierungen - Eine Alternative zum Kroll-Prozess?
Berg- und Hüttenmännischen Monatshefte (BHM), Heft 146/5, 2001, S. 203 - 209.
Joerg Hammerschmidt, Bernd Friedrich,
2005congress or congress paper
Development of Al-Li-based Alloys for thixoformed Automotive Parts.
In: Proceedings of European Metallurgical Conference, 18. - 21. September 2005, Dresden, Vol. 4, S. 1471 - 1483.
Alexander Arnold, Roger Sauermann, Bernd Friedrich, Hallstedt, B.; Schneider, J.:
2005congress or congress paper
Production of Gamma-TiAl-Ingots by Aluminothermic Reduction of TiO2 and Refining by ESR.
In: Proceedings of European Metallurgical Conference, 18. - 21. September 2005, Dresden, Vol. 4, S. 1429 - 1444.
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Bernd Friedrich,
2004congress or congress paper
A New Processing Route for Titanium Alloys by Aluminothermic Reduction of Titanium Dioxide and Refining by ESR.
In: Proceedings of 10th World Conference on Titanium, Hamburg, 2004, S. 2209-2216. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH.
Joerg Hammerschmidt, Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Bernd Friedrich,
2000congress or congress paper
Grain refining optimisation of A356 alloy by Mn-addition
In: Proceedings of 6th International conference of semi-solid processing of alloys and composites, 27. - 29. September 2000, Turin, Italien, S. 753 - 758
Tony Noll, Bernd Friedrich, H. Kiehne; J. Krüger

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