Forschungsprojekte

Titan Metallurgie


Project List:


Skin Pro – Schmieden gusstechnisch konturierter Rohlinge zur wirtschaftlichen und ressourcenschonenden Herstellung hochbelasteter TiAl-Niederdruckturbinenschaufeln: 01.07.2017 - 30.09.2021
Emissionsarme Synthese von Titanlegierungen: 01.03.2015 - 28.02.2018
Innovative Feuerfest- und Induktionsschmelzsysteme für Titan und Titanlegierungen; Erkenntnistransferprojekt: 01.10.2015 - 30.09.2017
TIAl2020 – Steigerung der Rohstoffeffizienz bei den Produktionsverfahren von TiAl-Komponenten: 01.07.2014 - 31.12.2016
Schmelzflusselektrolytische Herstellung von Titanlegierungen : 01.03.2012 - 28.02.2015
Motor-Durchschlagskomponenten und Subsysteme: 01.10.2012 - 30.09.2015
Annahme und Qualifizierung des VIM-ESR-VAR Recycling-Prozesses für Ti- und y-TiAl-Legierungen: 01.11.2007 - 31.10.2009
Prozessstufenminimierte Herstellung von Titan und Titanlegierungen: 01.07.2010 - 31.07.2013
Einfluss von Kalzium und Fluor auf die Eigenschaften von y-Titanaluminiden: 3 Jahre -
Grenzen und Beeinflussbarkeit des Verunreinigungsniveaus von Titan-Recyclinglegierungen für den Wiedereinsatz: 01.10.2008 - 30.09.2011
Schließung des Stoffkreislaufes für Titan - Entwicklung eines Recyclingverfahrens für Schrotte der Gießereien und mechanischen Bearbeitungszentren: 01.07.2004 - 30.06.2007
Impuls-, Wärme- und Stofftransport bei der Argon-ESU-Raffination am Beispiel von Titan: 01.01.2004 - 31.12.2005
Entwicklung einer kostengünstigeren Prozessroute zur Herstellung aluminiumhaltiger Titan-Werkstoffe: 01.03.2004 - 31.12.2006

Jahre Publikationen
Jahre Publikationen
2019Poster
Electrochemical Deposition of Titanium and Aluminium From Equimolar AlCl3+NaCl Melt
9th International Conference of the Chemical Societies of the South-Eastern European Countries, May 8-11, 2019, Targoviste, Romania
Srecko Stopic, Ksenija Milicevic, Bernd Friedrich, Vesna S. Cvetkovic; Natasa M. Vukicevic; Jovan N. Jovicevic
2013Poster
Challenges in Titanium Recycling – Do We Need a Specification for Secondary Alloys?
EMC 2011, European Metallurgical Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 26-29, 2011
Björn Rotmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2013Poster
Investigations on oxygen removal from molten TiAl scrap by metallothermic reduction
Titanium Europe 2013, 05.-07.03.2013, Hamburg (Germany)
Peter Spiess, Bernd Friedrich,
2019Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Magnesiothermic Reduction from Titanium Dioxide to Produce Titanium Powder
Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy (2019), Online-Artikel DOI: 0.1007/s40831-019-00215-z
Rafael Bolivar, Bernd Friedrich,
2018Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Generation of low oxygen Ti-Al-V-alloys from oxidic raw materials via aluminothermic reduction (ATR) and subsequent refining via electroslag remelting (ESR) and vacuum arc remelting (VAR)
3rd Ingot Casting, Rolling and Forging Conference, ICRF, 16.-19.10.2018, Stockholm (Sweden)
Martin Schwenk, Frederic Brinkmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2018Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Recovery of Yttrium Oxide from Titanium-Aluminium based wastes
J.Engineer.Process.Manage. 10 (2018), Issue 1, pp. 9-20 DOI: 10.7251/JEPM1810009S
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Sebastian Kallabis
2018Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Characteristics of Ti6Al4V Powders Recycled from Turnings via the HDH Technique
Metals 8 (2018), Issue 5 DOI: 10.3390/met8050336
Mertol Gökelma, Bernd Friedrich, Dilara Celik; Onur Tazegul; Huseyin Cimenoglu
2018Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Combining pyrometallurgical conditioning and dry acid digestion of red mud for selective Sc extraction and TiO2 enrichment in mineral phase
2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference, 07.-10.005.2018, Athens
Srecko Stopic, Buhle Xakalashe, Yiqian Ma, Gözde Alkan, Bernd Friedrich, Bengi Yagmurlu; Carsten Dittrich
2018Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Enhancement of Sc and Ti extraction rates from Fe-depleted slag by hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid leaching
2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference, 07.-10.005.2018, Athens
Srecko Stopic, Buhle Xakalashe, Gözde Alkan, Bernd Friedrich, Bengi Yagmurlu; Carsten Dittrich
2018Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Novel Approach for Enhanced Scandium and Titanium Leaching Efficiency from Bauxite Residue with Suppressed Silica Gel Formation
Scientific Reports 8 (2018), Online-Artikel DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24077-9
Srecko Stopic, Gözde Alkan, Bernd Friedrich, Bengi Yagmurlu; Seckin Cakmakoglu; Tobias Hertel; Serif Kaya; Lars Gronen
2017Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
A Complete Recycling Circle for Precision Cast Low Pressure TiAl Turbine Blades
Proceedings of the Liquid Metal Processing & Casting Conference (LMPC 2017), 10.-13.09.2017, Philadelphia, USA
Peter Spiess, Björn Rotmann, Marek Bartosinski, Janik Brenk, Bernd Friedrich, Rüdiger Tiefers; Günther Hübner
2017Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
A Mineralogical Assessment on Residues after Acidic Leaching of Bauxite Residue (Red Mud) for Titanium Recovery
Metals, Volume 7 (2017), Online-Artikel; DOI:10.3390/met7110458
Srecko Stopic, Claudia Schier, Gözde Alkan, Bernd Friedrich, Lars Gronen
2017Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Porous TiAl Alloys Fabricated by Sintering of TiH2 and Al Powder Mixtures
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 656 (2016), pp.530-538 DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.09.259
Qin Peng, Bernd Friedrich, Bin Yang; Libin Liu; Changjiang Song
2017Buchbeitrag
Mechanically Activated Rutile and Ilmenite as the Starting Materials for Process of Titanium Alloys Production
in: Titanium Dioxide, Edited by Magdalena Janus, InTech ISBN 978-953-51-3414-5, Print ISBN 978-953-51-3413-8
Christoph Vonderstein, Bernd Friedrich, Marcela Achimovicova
2017Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Conditioning of Red Mud for Subsequent Titanium and Scandium Recovery – A Conceptual Design Study
World of Metallurgy – ERZMETALL 70 (2017) No. 2
Frank Kaußen, Buhle Xakalashe, Gözde Alkan, Bernd Friedrich, Bengi Yagmurlu
2016Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Electrocatalytical properties in the chlorine and oxygen evolution react. and stability of titanium anodes with RuO2/TiO2 coating obtained by ultrasonic spray pyrol. synthesis in an electrost. field
Proceeding of 18 YUCOR Conference, Tara, Serbia, April 2016, p. 421
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Milica Košević; Jasmina Stevanović; Vesna Pavelkić; Sanja Krstić; Vladimir Panic
2016Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
A continuous process for the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis synthesis of RuO2/TiO2 particles and their application as a coating of activated titanium anode
Advanced Powder Technology, 2016, Online-Artikel DOI: 10.1016/j.apt.2016.07.015
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Milica Košević; Andreas Bulan; Jürgen Kintrup; Reiner Weber; Jasmina Stevanović; Vladimir Panić
2016Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Core@Shell-Structured Binary TiO2@RuO2 Oxide Synthesized by Spray pyrolysis for Electrochemical Applications
XXIV Congress of Chemists and Technologists of Macedonia, 11.-14. September 2016, Ohrid (Mazedonien)
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Nataša Vukićević; Vesna Cvetković; Jasmina Stevanović; Vladimir Panić
2005Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Predicting thermodynamic stability of crucible oxides in molten titanium alloys
CALPHAD XXXIV, An International Conference on Phase Diagram Calculation and Computational Thermochemistry, May 22-27, 2005, Maastricht, The Netherlands, p.114.
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Claus Lochbichler, Bernd Friedrich, Ana Kostov; Dragana Zivkovic
2005Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Thermodynamic stability of crucible oxides in molten titanium and titanium alloys
Brücken für die Forschung, Einfuehrungstagung, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Bonn, 19.-21. April 2005, Germany, p.65.
Bernd Friedrich, Ana Kostov
2016Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Viscous Behavior of Alumina and Titania in Amphoteric Slags and their Influence on Refractory Corrosion
The 10th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts, 22.-25.05.2016, Seattle
Frank Kaußen, Bernd Friedrich,
2016Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Influence of Oxygen Addition on Structure and Properties of Titanium Produced by Electroslag Remelting
Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol 7 (2016), pp. 139-149
Olga Snizhko; Anatoliy Ryabtsev; Alexandr Troyanskyy; Vladimir Pashinsky
2015Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Aluminothermic Production of Titanium Alloys (Part 2): Impact of Activated Rutile on Process Sustainability
Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Vol 21 (2015), No. 2, pp. 101-11
Siran Hassan-Pour, Christoph Vonderstein, Bernd Friedrich, Marcels Achimovicova; Eberhard Gock; Volker Vogt
2008Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Combined TiO2-Chlorination and Electrolytic TiClx-Reduction - progress report Helmholtz VH-NG-214
International Round Table on Titanium Production in Molten Salts
2013Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Influence of oxygen and heat treatment on forming of structure and properties of titanium of the electro-slag melting
Titan 2013 (1), pp. 14-24
Johannes Morscheiser, Marek Bartosinski, Bernd Friedrich, О.А. Snizhko; A.D. Ryabtsev; А.А. Troyansky; В.В. Pashynskyi
2013Poster
Enhancing physical properties of Titanium by Addition of TiO2 Nano-Powder during Chamber-ESR
Titanium Europe 2013, 5.-7.3.2013, Hamburg, Germany
Sebastian Radwitz, Bernd Friedrich, Anatoliy Ryabtsev; Alexander Troyansky
2013Poster
Synthesis of Ti-Al-V alloys by Aluminothermic Reduction to Produce Pressed Electrodes for ESR
Titanium Europe 2013, 5.-7.3.2013, Hamburg, Germany
Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Anatoliy Ryabtsev; Alexander Troyansky
2015Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Deoxidation Limits of Titanium Alloys during Pressure Electro Slag Remelting
Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing & Casting 2015, Leoben, 20.-24.09.2015
Marek Bartosinski, Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Sergey Ratiev; Anatoliy Ryabtsev
2013Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Introducing Carbon Nanoparticles in Titanium during Chamber Electroslag Remelting (ChESR)
Liquid Metal Processing & Casting 2013, 22-25.09.2013, Austin, USA, pp. 133-136
Peter Spiess, Sebastian Radwitz, Bernd Friedrich, Anatoliy Ryabtsev; Fedor Leokha; Sergey Ratiev; Olga Snizhko
2015Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Metal Entrapment in Slag during the Aluminium Recycling Process in Tilting Rotary Furnace
Proceedings of the 8th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC) 2015, June 14-17, Düsseldorf, Germany
Marion Thoraval, Bernd Friedrich,
2014Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Aluminothermic Production of Titanium alloys (part 1): Synthesis of TiO2 as input material
Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Vol. 20 (2014), No. 2, pp. 141-154
Siran Hassan-Pour, Bernd Friedrich, Marcela Achimovičová; Eberhard Gock; Volker Vogt; Peter Baláž
2013Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Synthesis of TiO2 Core/RuO2 Shell Particles using Multistep Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis
Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 48 (2013), No. 9, pp. 3633-3635
Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich, Michael Schroeder; Thomas Weirich
2013Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Modelling the Oxygen Content of Titanium During Deoxidation in the Pressure Electroslag Remelting (PESR) Process
Proceedings of the 7th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC) 2013, June 23-26, Weimar, Germany, Vol. 3, pp. 1085-1092
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Marek Bartosinski, Bernd Friedrich,
2012Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Evaluation of Deoxidization Techniques during Vacuum Induction Melting of Titanium Alloys
ICRF - 1st International Conference on Ingot Casting, Rolling and Forging, Proceedings, June 2012, Ingot Casting – Remelting 1
Hanno Vogel, Björn Rotmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2011Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Metal-Slag Interaction during PESR of Titanium Alloys
Slags and Fluxes in Modern Metallurgy: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Metal-Slag Interaction. September 14th to 19th 2010 in Yalta, Crimea - Ukraine
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2011Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Recycling of gamma titanium aluminide scrap from investment casting operations
In: Intermetallics, No. 19 (2011) ,S. 762-768
Claus Lochbichler, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2011Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Challenges in Titanium Recycling - Do We Need a New Specification for Secondary Alloys?
EMC 2011, European Metallurgical Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 26-29, 2011
Claus Lochbichler, Björn Rotmann, Bernd Friedrich,
2006Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Thermodynamic analysis of Ti-Al, Ti-V and Al-V Binary Systems
Proceedings of the 38th IOC on Mining and Metallurgy, 06. - 08. October 2006, Donji Milanovic, Serbien, S. 658 - 664
Bernd Friedrich, A. Kostov; D. Živković
2005Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Selection of Crucible Oxides in Molten Titanium and Titanium Aluminium Alloys by Thermo-Chemistry Calculations
Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, 41 (B), 2005, S. 113 - 125
Bernd Friedrich, A. Kostov
2011Poster
Recycling of Titanium-Aluminide Scrap
25th Annual International Titanium Association Conference & Exhibition, September 13th-16th 2009, Hilton Waikoloa Village, Hawaii, USA
Bernd Friedrich,
2010Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Potentiale alternativer Herstellungskonzepte für Titanmetall und Titanlegierungen
44. Metallurgische Seminar des Fachausschusses für Metallurgische Aus- und Weiterbildung der GDMB; 03.02. – 05.02.2010, Hanau, S. 131 – 162, ISBN 978-3-940276-23-0
Rafael Bolivar, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich, Claudia Möller
2009Poster
PESR processing of TiAl-electrodes made by aluminothermic reduction
International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting 20. – 23. September 2009, ISBN 978-0 87339-743-8, S. 295 – 302, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich, Tobias Mionskowski
2009Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Molten salt electrolysis of Titanium using a TiO2-C composite anode in halide electrolytes
Titanium 2009, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 13.09. - 16.09.2009
Claudia Oosterhof geb. Kommer, Bernd Friedrich,
2009Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Tracing Ca and F during Remelting of Titanium-Aluminides in ESR and VAR
Titanium 2009, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 13.09. - 16.09.2009
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2009Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Recycling of Titanium-Aluminide Scrap
Titanium 2009, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 13.09. - 16.09.2009
Claus Lochbichler, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Johannes Morscheiser, Bernd Friedrich,
2009Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Electrochemical Titanium Diboride (TiB2) Synthesis from Fluoride Melts
EMC 2009 – European Metallurgical Conference, Innsbruck, Austria; June 28 - July 1; Volume 4, S. 1313 – 1324; ISBN 978-3-940276-20-9
Aybars Güven, Bernd Friedrich,
2009Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Synthesis of Titanium via Magnesiothermic Reduction of TiO2 (Pigment)
EMC 2009 – European Metallurgical Conference, Innsbruck, Austria; June 28 - July 1; Volume 4, S. 1235 – 1254; ISBN 978-3-940276-20-9
Rafael Bolivar, Bernd Friedrich,
2009Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Feasibility of Ti-alloy Deoxidation by Reactive Slag Remelting
EMC 2009 – European Metallurgical Conference, Innsbruck, Austria, June 28 - July 1, Volume 4, S. 1453 – 1468, ISBN 978-3-940276-20-9
M. Weber
2006Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Thermodynamic Study of Ti-V and Al-V Systems using FactSage
Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2006
Kostov, A.; Zivkovic, D.; Friedrich, B.
2008Poster
Removal of Titanium from Aluminium Melts by Reactive Gas Purging
14th International Metallurgy & Materials Congress IMMC, 16. – 18. Oktober, Istanbul
Charlotte Merkel, Bernd Friedrich, U. Maiworm
2008Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Potential of Ceramic Crucibles for Melting of Titanium-Alloys and gamma-Titaniumaluminide
51. Internationales Feuerfestkolloquium, 15.-16. Oktober 2008, Aachen
Claus Lochbichler, Johannes Morscheiser, Bernd Friedrich,
2007Poster
Electrolytic Production Route for Affordable Titanium Matrix Composites
EUROMAT 2007 – European Congress and Exhibition on Advanced Materials and Processes, 10. – 13. September 2007, Nürnberg, Deutschland
Bernd Friedrich, Gussone, J. ; Hausmann, J. ; Kommer, C.
2007Poster
Combined TiO2-Chlorination and electrolytic TiClx-Reduction
European Metallurgical Conference EMC 2007, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 11-14, 2007
Claudia Oosterhof geb. Kommer, Bernd Friedrich,
2007Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Investigations of Liquid Phase Aluminothermic Reduction of Ilmenit
Erzmetall, Vol. 60, No. 5, 2007, S. 255 – 261
Bernd Friedrich, Babyuk, V. ; Sokolov, V.
2007Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Cost Reduction of TiAl by Alternative Production and Integration of TiAl Scrap Recycling - Concepts and Vacuum-Metallurgical Equipment
Advances in Materials Science, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2007, S. 81 - 88
Claus Lochbichler, Bernd Friedrich, Jarczyk, G. ; Scholz, H.
2007Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
ESR Refining Potential for Titanium Alloys using a CaF2-based slag
Advanced Engineering Materials 2007, Volume 9, No. 4, S. 246 – 252.
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Bernd Friedrich,
2007Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Closing The Material Cycle of Titanium - Thermochemical and Experimental Validation of a New Recycling Concept
LMPC - International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting, September 2 - 5, 2007, Nancy, France
Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Claus Lochbichler, Bernd Friedrich,
2007Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Fundamental of deoxidation behaviour of Ti-alloys by chamber ESR with Ca-reactive slags
European Metallurgical Conference â EMC 2007, June 11 - 14, Düsseldorf, Germany
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Jan Hecht geb. Reitz, Bernd Friedrich,
2007Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Induction Melting Using Refractories and Direct Deoxidation of Ti and TiAl Scrap
European Metallurgical Conference â EMC 2007, June 11 - 14, Düsseldorf, Germany
Claus Lochbichler, Bernd Friedrich,
2006Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Predicting thermodynamic stability of crucible oxides in molten titanium and titanium alloys
Computational Materials Science, Vol. 38, Issue 2, 2006, S. 374 - 385.
Bernd Friedrich, A. Kostov
2006Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Predicting thermodynamic properties in Ti-Al binary system by FactSage.
Computational Materials Science, Vol. 37, Issue 3, 2006, S. 355 - 360.
Kostov, A.; Friedrich, B.; Zivkovic, D.:
2005Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Selection of Crucible Oxides in Molten Titanium and Titanium Aluminum Alloys by Thermo-Chemistry Calculations.
Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, Heft 41 B, 2005, S. 113 - 125.
Kostov, A.; Friedrich, B.:
2003Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Aluminothermische Reduktion von Titanoxid
Erzmetall, Jg. 56, Heft 2, 2003, S. 82 - 93
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Joerg Hammerschmidt, Bernd Friedrich,
2001Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift
Elektroschlackeschmelzen von aluminothermisch hergestellten Titan-Aluminiumlegierungen - Eine Alternative zum Kroll-Prozess?
Berg- und Hüttenmännischen Monatshefte (BHM), Heft 146/5, 2001, S. 203 - 209.
Joerg Hammerschmidt, Bernd Friedrich,
2005Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Predicting Thermodynamic Activities in Ti-Al Binary System.
In: Proceedings of the 37th International October Conference on Mining and Metallurgy, 3. - 6. Oktober 2005, Bor Lake, Serbien-Montenegro.
Bernd Friedrich, Kostov, A.; Friedrich, B.; Zivkovic, D.:
2005Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Computer Prediction of Thermodynamic Properties for Titanium Based-Alloys.
In: Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium of Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams, 24. Juni 2005, Bor, Serbien-Montenegro.
Kostov, A.; Friedrich, B.:
2005Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Production of Gamma-TiAl-Ingots by Aluminothermic Reduction of TiO2 and Refining by ESR.
In: Proceedings of European Metallurgical Conference, 18. - 21. September 2005, Dresden, Vol. 4, S. 1429 - 1444.
Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Bernd Friedrich,
2004Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
Electrochemical reduction of Titanium dioxide thin film in LiCl-KCl-CaCl2 eutectic melt.
In: Proceedings of 206th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Inc.; Honolulu, 2004.
Bernd Friedrich, Katayama Y.
2004Kongress- oder Tagungsbeitrag
A New Processing Route for Titanium Alloys by Aluminothermic Reduction of Titanium Dioxide and Refining by ESR.
In: Proceedings of 10th World Conference on Titanium, Hamburg, 2004, S. 2209-2216. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH.
Joerg Hammerschmidt, Jan-Christoph Stoephasius, Bernd Friedrich,

Letzte Aktualisierung: 24.10.2019